Heat exhaustion and heat stroke are heat-related health issues that may affect hunters.
Heat exhaustion is the opposite of hypothermia—the core body temperature increases, usually as a result of hot and humid conditions, plus a lack of water.
Prevention of Heat Exhaustion
- Drink plenty of water.
- Take frequent breaks if you’re hiking to or from your hunting spot, especially when carrying a large load.
- Dress in layers, and shed layers as physical activity increases.
Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion
- Pale and clammy skin
- Dry mouth
- Muscle cramps
Treatment of Heat Exhaustion
- Move the victim to a cooler place.
- Have the victim drink water or sports drinks.
- Keep the victim inactive.
- Fan to lower body temperature, but don’t over-chill.
- In severe cases, seek medical attention.
Heat stroke should be treated as a medical emergency—it can be fatal.
Symptoms of Heat Stroke
- Dry, hot, and flushed skin—dark or purple in color
- Dilated pupils
- Rapid, weak pulse
- Shallow breathing
- High temperature—may be in excess of 106° Fahrenheit
Treatment of Heat Stroke
- Wrap in a sheet and soak with cool—not cold—water.
- Fan, but don't over-chill.
- Get to a hospital immediately.