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Here are additional rules for firearm safety.

5. Check your barrel and ammunition.

Make sure the barrel and action are clear of obstructions, and carry only the proper ammunition for your gun.

Checking handgun

6. Unload firearms when not in use.

Leave actions open, and carry firearms in cases and unloaded to and from the shooting area.

Unloading ammunition

7. Point a handgun only at something you intend to shoot.

Avoid all horseplay with a gun.

Handgun pointed in safe direction

8. Don't run, jump, or climb with a loaded handgun.

Unload a handgun before you climb a fence or tree, or jump a ditch. Pull a firearm toward you by the grip, not the muzzle.

Handling a handgun safely

9. Store handguns and ammunition separately and safely.

Store each in secured locations beyond the reach of children and careless adults. For added safety, also use a locking device such as a trigger lock or a cable lock.

Locked handgun case

10. Avoid alcoholic beverages before and during shooting.

Also avoid mind- or behavior-altering medicines or drugs.

Do not mix guns and alcohol.
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